All about air raid shelters. The Anderson shelter was an air raid shelter designed to hold up to six people. It was designed in 1938 by William Paterson and Oscar Carl Kerrison .The Anderson shelter was named after Sir John Anderson.In 1938 the British Prime Minister Nevill Chamberlian placed Sir John Anderson in charge of the air raid shelters. Anderson worked with an engineer called William Patterson to design and ball a small, inexpensive air raid shelter that people could build in their garden.The first Anderson shelter was built in 1939. It was built in a garden in Islington, London on February 25, 1939.Over 1.5 million Anderson shelters were given out before the start of WWII . They were made between February 1939 and the start of the Second World War that September. The shelters were given to people in areas that were at risk of being bombed by the Germans.Anderson shelters were free for people who earned less than £250 per year. For those who earned more could an Anderson shelter for £7.The shelters were very easy to build. Anderson shelters were made from six corrugated steel panels that were curved and bolted together at the top.Also you had to construct your own shelter. The corrugated sheets made them extra strong against compressive force and was perfect for protecting from nearby bomb explosions.A lot of people dug up the old shelters when the war ended to use them as garden sheds. This could include growing flowers or vegetables on the roof.UK bombings on German cities killed about 500,000 people but because of Anderson shelters German bombs killed 90% less — around 50,000. This shows just how effective the Anderson shelters were.Only 27% of people in London used Anderson shelters according to a 1940 survey. 9% slept in public shelters and 4% slept in underground railway stations. 60% of people were on duty at night or just slept in their own homes.
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